验配常识
初次佩戴,老年人该如何掌握适应助听器及与人交流的方法?0632-5856121
发布时间: 2020/4/21 9:20:27   来源: ★山东枣庄市滕州市助听器店    阅读: 55  次

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1. *先告诉老年人,戴助听器后听清每个字是困难的,只要能听与交流就可以,而不必达到100%的言语识别率。宜采用近距离(1m以内)放低语言声的交流方式。

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2. 决心与耐心是取得良好助听效果的保证。开始先在家中与家人面对面交谈,家人声音应慢而清晰,句子应简单易懂,态度要耐心、亲切,使老人感到温暖。当听懂80%的交谈内容时,就可提高说话速度。注意不要让老人疲劳,切忌长时间与老人交谈。


3. 因助听器的声音和原听到的声音存在差异,所以要适应一段时间,开始每天戴1~2小时,3个月内逐渐递增佩戴时间,等到能听清自己讲话声和室外声后可以多和人交谈,直到整天戴用为止。


4. 由于老年性听力下降的患侧耳长期处于安静状态,戴助听器后一旦听到外界各种声音,一时不能适应,因此不要一下子接触噪声大的环境,要先在安静环境下使用助听器,适应后再接触噪声环境,同时要再次学会精神集中去听想要听的声音,把要听的声音从背景声音中分开。

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5. 初戴助听器后听自己的声音要比听外界声音大,有时甚至听不清自己的声音,应每天自己练习朗读,控制发音。


6. 听力下降的时间越长,在噪声环境中聆听语言的功能就缺失得越多,需要再次学习这种能力。


7. 在和众多人交谈时,只集中听一位讲话者的声音,并尽可能接近他,不要因为要求与别人近距离交谈而感到害羞。


8. 经过一段时间的训练后再去听电台与电视台的播音,因为这些复制声是不自然声,速度也快,只要听懂讲话的内容即可。

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除上述方法外,交流时还应把听力、理解力、注意力、兴趣以及视觉所得的讯息整合起来,加以分析运用,必要时请别人讲话慢些,以充分发挥大脑皮层潜能。

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