验配常识
预防老年性耳背,关爱老年人健康!
发布时间: 2020/12/9 9:24:07   来源: 北京神州声源助听器销售有限公司    阅读: 75  次

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预防老年性耳背,关爱老年人健康!

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&nb*p; &nb*p; &nb*p; 年龄增大,老人的耳朵也不好使了。一项研究称,在60岁以上的美国人中,1/3存在不同程度的耳聋问题。老年性耳聋主要原因是内耳、听觉神经、中耳或外耳发生异常变化。另外,噪音过大、遗传、头部受伤、感染、疾病以及某些药物、高血压等循环性疾病也会导致老年性耳聋,有些还可能伴有耳鸣。

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老人耳背伤耳又伤心

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&nb*p; &nb*p; &nb*p; 为什么说老人耳背伤耳又伤“心”呢?一方面,老年人听力下降后,不能进行有效交流,逐渐脱离社会生活,有时还得不到子女的理解,更容易脾气暴躁,心理更加孤独,从而影响身心健康。

<**an **yle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; letter-**acing: 1.5px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-**zing: border-box !important;">&nb**; &nb**; 另一方面,老人听力下降,长期不接受声音信号刺激,听力系统包括听觉中枢对声音信息的处理能力会很快减退,会加重耳聋的程度;<*pan *tyle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; letter-*pacing: 1.5px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-*izing: border-box !important;">交流减少,也会加速人的精神衰老,老人会变得性格孤僻,痴痴呆呆,交往能力下降,生活质量大受影响。<*pan *tyle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; letter-*pacing: 1.5px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-*izing: border-box !important;">据统计,30%以上的脑萎缩、老年痴呆症与耳聋有关。

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老人听力下降,常吃这4类护耳食物

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一、铁元素食物

&nb**; &nb**; &nb**;注意铁元素的补充,能有效地预防和延缓老年人耳鸣、耳聋的发生。45岁以上的人群,就要注重铁的补充。

&nb**; &nb**; &nb**;含铁丰富的食品主要有紫菜、虾皮、海蜇皮、黑木耳、黑豆、黑芝麻、香菜、黄花菜等。

<**rong **yle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-**zing: border-box !important;">推荐膳食:黑木耳40克,用温水泡发,洗净,切成细丝;红枣5枚,去核,切细;粳米100克,淘净。三者一同放入砂锅内,加水适量,煮成粥。每周吃3 次,长期坚持,有显而易见的效果。

二、锌元素食物

&nb*** &nb*** &nb*** 锌虽然在体内含量很小,但其作用很大。研究表明,患有耳鸣耳聋的老年人有近1/3的人体内缺锌,45岁以上的人群每天要保证摄入15毫克锌,这样才能维持体内锌元素的平衡。

&nb*** &nb*** &nb***含锌丰富的食物有动物肝脏、粗粮、坚果、蛋类、海参、牡蛎等。

&nb**; &nb**; &nb**;<**rong **yle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-**zing: border-box !important;">推荐膳食:海参15克,发好,切成条状;黑豆30克,洗净;猪骨100克,洗净,砍成小段,一同放入砂锅内煮2小时。待快熟时放入生姜、葱花、味精调味,就成了一道味美香浓的菜肴。一周服食2次即可,也能收到很好效果。

三、维生素食物

&nb*** &nb*** &nb***维生素C、维生素E有提高人体歧化酶的作用,促进氧气的利用,改善末梢的血流量,能起到保护内耳的作用。这些元素主要含在各种绿色蔬菜和柑桔、核桃、花生中,只要平时常吃就行。

&nb**; &nb**; &nb**;维生素D能促进人体对钙的吸收,医学研究发现,很多患耳鸣、耳鸣的老人,与血中钙的缺乏有密切关系。这类元素主要含在动物肝脏、蛋类、蘑菇、银耳中。

&nb*** &nb*** &nb***另外,富含β-胡萝卜素和维生素 A的食物 ,如胡萝卜、南瓜、番茄、鸡蛋、鲜橘等。胡萝卜素和维生素A 能增强耳细胞活力。

四、补肾的食物

&nb*** &nb*** &nb***中医认为,肾开窍于耳,听力的衰退与肾虚有着密切的关系。

&nb*p; &nb*p; &nb*p;故老年人可在医生指导下服用一些补肾的药物,如六味地黄丸、金匮肾气丸、龟龄丸等,也可常喝核桃粥、芝麻粥、花生粥、猪肾粥等,对于保护听力颇有裨益。

&nb*p; &nb*p;<*pan cla**="Apple-converted-*pace">&nb*p;<*trong *tyle="margin: 0px; padding: 0px; word-wrap: break-word !important; max-width: 100%; box-*izing: border-box !important;">推荐药膳:核麻粉。核桃仁250克,黑芝麻250克,各炒至微黄,碾碎,加冰糖碎屑适量,和匀为核桃芝麻粉。每次1汤匙,加水冲服或干吃皆可,每日2次。核桃仁味甘,性温,有补肾固精作用。黑芝麻味甘,性平,有滋补肝肾功效。此方适用于伴有眼花、头晕的老年性耳聋。

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&nb*p; &nb*p; &nb*p;日常生活中,老年人要注意吃一些活血化瘀、扩张血管食物,有利于改善血液黏稠度,使耳朵末梢微血管通畅。

&nb*p; &nb*p; &nb*p;要适当远离嘈杂环境,不乱掏耳朵,少用耳机,改变不良嗜好,戒烟限酒,不要通宵达旦的打牌,不要吃过咸过甜的食物。

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